Korean J Sports Med.  2012 Jun;30(1):47-54. 10.5763/kjsm.2012.30.1.47.

Effects of Plyometric Training on Ankle Joint Motion and Jump Performance

Affiliations
  • 1School of Sport and Health Science, Tokai Gakuen University, Miyoshi, Japan. hanulhanbyeol7374@hotmail.co.jp
  • 2Department of Preventive Medicine, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Obu, Japan.

Abstract

The purpose
of this study was to quantify the effect of plyometric training (PT) in changes of jump abilities and ankle joint motions on repeated-rebound-jumps exercise without buffer function of lower limb joints. Seven female collegiate runners executed 10-repeated rebound jumps training (10 RJ) on a switch mat with maximum effort. Each subject executed the training program twice a week for 5 consecutive weeks. Parameters of repeated-rebound jumps training involved jump height (m), the contact time (s), flight time (s), and rebound jumps index (=RJ-index). Three-dimensional ankle joint kinematics of each subject were captured using ten motion capture systems (250 Hz). As a result, RJ-index, jump height, and flight time were increased significantly between pre-and post-test (p<0.001). But, the contact time decreased significantly. The relationships between rebound jumps index and jump height and between rebound jumps index and the durations of contact phase were highly correlated (r=0.858, r=-0.739; p<0.001). In addition, the time (%) between start and finish phase in the dorsiflexion angle of ankle joint was reduced significantly between pre-and post-test (p<0.001). The repeated-rebound-jumps exercise was shown to have an effect on improvement in stretch-shortening cycle (SSC) performance of lower limb joints in distance runners. The RJ-index and the time between start and finish phase in the dorsiflexion angle of ankle joint was shown to be a valid evaluation index of SSC performance. Therefore, repeated-rebound-jumps exercise is a significant training protocol where ankle behavior improves and where the performance of stretch-shortening cycle is enhanced.

Keyword

Plyometric training; Ankle joint motion; Jump performance; RJ-index
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