Korean J Rehabil Nurs.  2008 Jun;11(1):13-24.

A Comparative Study on the Level of Perceived Stigma Towards Physically Disabled Between Physically Disabled and Non-disabled

Affiliations
  • 1Graduate School, Chungnam National University, Korea. myzoazoa@hanmail.net
  • 2Department of Nursing, Chungnam National University, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purposes were to explore and compare the level of perceived stigma toward physically disabled, and to find factors related with the perceived stigma. METHOD: Data were collected by structured questionnaire from July to September 2007. The participants consisted of 292 physically disabled and 294 non-disabled living in Daejeon, Korea. These data were analyzed using SPSS Win 12.0 by descriptive statistics, Chi-Square test, t-test, one-way ANOVA. RESULT: The perceived stigma towards physically disabled of the physically disabled was higher than non-disabled's. The physically disabled stigmatized themselves in all the subcategories of the perceived stigma. The physically disabled perceived the stigma differently according to the spouses, economic status, educational level, comorbidity and impairment sites. The non-disabled's perceived stigma was different according to gender, existence of spouses, job and economic status. Non-disabled's stigma towards physically disabled was not different by experiences related with physically disabled. CONCLUSION: For reducing the perceived stigma, nursing intervention strategies should be developed, especially for physically disabled, and further studies should be conducted to define related factors. The results of this study might be a standard to evaluate effects of nursing interventions for decreasing the stigma.

Keyword

Physically disabled; Stigmatization

MeSH Terms

Comorbidity
Disabled Persons
Educational Status
Humans
Korea
Surveys and Questionnaires
Spouses
Stereotyping
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