J Agric Med Community Health.  2011 Dec;36(4):251-263.

Factors Influencing the Fear of Falling in Elderly in Rural Communities

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Emergency Medical Technology, Daewon University College, Korea. sang8282@mail.daewon.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Nursing, Daewon University College, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the factors associated with fear of falling among the elderly dwelling in rural communities.
METHODS
From February 1, 2010 to March 31, 2010, a questionnaire-based survey was sent to 2,628 persons 65 years or older dwelling in 1 Myeon and 1 Eup of Gyeongsangnam-do. Among these participants, 735 (27.9%) had fallen more than once in 2009. For data analysis, descriptive statistics and hierarchical multiple regression were performed using SPSS version 12.0.
RESULTS
Factors influencing the fear of falling in the elderly according to falls experienced were number of outpatient visits, number of falls, gender, admission, purchasing of health function foods, and activities of daily living. Overall, the study showed significant differences in the score of fear of falling according to gender, age, education, marital status, living arrangement, main means of mobilization, drinking, income, number of falls, admission, number of outpatient visits, experience with outpatient oriental medicine, purchasing of health function foods, medical assistance devices, season, fall location, fall cause, shoe type, injury type, limitation of activity, and activities of daily living.
CONCLUSIONS
The results of this study suggest that programs should be developed specifically for elderly people who have experienced more than one fall because of increased fear due to multiple falls.

Keyword

Elderly; Falls; Activities of daily living; Fear of falling
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