J Agric Med Community Health.  2011 Dec;36(4):207-217.

Health Behavior and Health Condition of the Rural Young-Old and the Rural Old-Old in an Agricultural District

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Kyungpook National University, Korea.
  • 2Graduate School of Public Health, Kyungpook National University, Korea. djjy02@hanmail.net
  • 3Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to garner useful information through a comparative analysis of health behaviors and health states between the young-old and old-old elderly in a rural Korean area.
METHODS
We define the young-old elderly as those 65 to 74 years of age, and the old-old as those over 70. The survey was administered in October and November of 2009 at senior citizen centers in Sangju City, Kyongsangbuk-do, South Korea. The number of subjects surveyed approximated the demographics of the aged population of the administrative district of centers of 24 eup, myeon, and dong.
RESULTS
Compared with the young-old elderly, the old-old were vulnerable to population sociological characteristics. While there were many cases of contraction of diseases, only a small percentage of old-old elderly were engaged in regular exercise. In addition, the old-old elderly lagged behind the young-old in terms of physical activity, mental and oral health, hearing, and vision.
CONCLUSIONS
The vulnerability of the old-old elderly in terms of physical and mental health needs to be acknowledged as various characteristics of the elderly that appears according an age group. A variety of disease prevention and health promotion programs that focus on the health behavior and status of the young-old and old-old elderly need to be developed and put into practice.

Keyword

Young-old; Old-old; Health behavior
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