J Agric Med Community Health.  2013 Mar;38(1):1-13.

The Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Related Risk Factors Based on the KNHANES V 2010

Affiliations
  • 1College of Nursing, Jeju National University, Korea.
  • 2Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Korea. sujungchoi@hanmail.net
  • 3Health Administration Department, Dongseo University, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
This study is to investigate the prevalence and related factors of metabolic syndrome among Korean adults aged 20 years and above.
METHODS
From the database of the 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V) conducted in 2010, data of 5,670 adults who responded to all the questionnaires of health interview and had metabolic syndrome in the health examination were included in this analysis. SAS 9.2 was used for statistical analysis with complex sample survey modules and commands.
RESULTS
The prevalence rate of metabolic syndrome based on the criteria proposed by International Diabetes Federation (IDF) was 18.8%. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in each group was: 20.7% of women, 43.1% among elderly over 70 years old, 40.6% of the divorced or the separated, 27.6% of recipients of economic support from the government, 23.6% of people who had alcohol dependency problem, and 43.7% of overweight or obese adults. Independent risk factors based on the multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that prevalence of metabolic syndrome was associated with female (odds ratio 1.59 [95% confidence interval 1.20-2.11]), age (50s 3.95 [2.11-7.37], 60s 5.62 [2.98-10.61], 70s 10.56 [5.25-21.25]), high school education (0.52 [0.37-0.74]), clerk occupation (2.14 [1.27-3.60]), divorced marital status (1.72 [1.15-2.59]), alcohol dependency (1.86 [1.16-2.98]), higher BMI (14.08 [10.60-18.70]).
CONCLUSIONS
The metabolic syndrome is prevalent among Korean adult population according to IDF criteria. Several demographic characteristics and potentially modifiable factors are associated with metabolic syndrome. Identification of this high-risk group and management of these modifiable factors are warranted to reduce the prevalence of metabolic syndrome.

Keyword

Metabolic syndrome; Adult; Health survey

MeSH Terms

Adult
Aged
Dependency (Psychology)
Divorce
Female
Health Surveys
Humans
Korea
Logistic Models
Marital Status
Nutrition Surveys
Occupations
Overweight
Phenothiazines
Prevalence
Risk Factors
Surveys and Questionnaires
Phenothiazines
Full Text Links
  • JAMCH
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr