J Agric Med Community Health.  2014 Dec;39(4):240-255. 10.5393/JAMCH.2014.39.4.240.

Factors associated with the bone mineral density in Korean adults: Data from the 2010-2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) V

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Suseong College, Korea. kimks@sc.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
The purpose of this study was to identify the correlates of bone mineral density of Korean adults.
METHODS
This study was based on the data from the 2010-2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES, 2010-2011) V. Among 8,473 subjects of the survey, who were adults 19 years old or over with bone mineral density data, the current study excluded those whose data include a missing study variable or the response of 'I don't know', and finally analyzed the data of 5,986 subjects (2,692 males and 3,294 females). This study employed the following statistical methods of analysis: t-test, analysis of variance (ANOVA), and hierarchical multivariate linear regression analysis.
RESULTS
In multivariate analysis, in the case of men, the significant associated factors in bone mineral density were age, education level, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, total muscle mass, exercise, and weight control; in the case of women, the significant associated factors in bone mineral density were age, education level, economic activity, BMI, total muscle mass, exercise, weight control. fat intake, uptake female hormone, menopause, and age of menarche.
CONCLUSION
For both sexes, the strongest modifiable factor in influencing bone mineral density was total muscle mass. Therefore, to prevent osteoporosis and promote health, active health education and interventions such as regular exercise for total muscle mass increase should be implemented from an early growth period.

Keyword

Bone mineral density; Osteoporosis

MeSH Terms

Adult*
Body Mass Index
Bone Density*
Education
Female
Health Education
Humans
Linear Models
Male
Menarche
Menopause
Multivariate Analysis
Nutrition Surveys*
Osteoporosis
Waist Circumference
Full Text Links
  • JAMCH
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr