Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.  1997 Dec;1(6):731-739.

Effects of cyclic-GMP on hyperpolarization-activated inward current (I|f) in sino-atrial node cells of rabbit

  • 1Department of Physiology, Seoul National University, College of Medicine, 28 Yonkeun-dong, Chongno-ku, Seoul 110-799, South Korea.


The aim of present study is to investigate the effects of cGMP on hyperpolarization activated inward current (If), pacemaker current of the heart, in rabbit sino-atrial node cells using the whole-cell patch clamp technique. When sodium nitroprusside (SNP, 80 muM), which is known to activate guanylyl cyclase, was added, If amplitude was increased and its activation was accelerated. However, when If was prestimulated by isopreterenol (ISO, 1 muM), SNP reversed the effect of ISO. In the absence of ISO, SNP shifted activation curve rightward. On the contrary in the presence of ISO, SNP shifted activation curve in opposite direction. 8Br-cGMP (100 muM), more potent PKG activator and worse PDE activator than cGMP, also increased basal If but did not reverse stimulatory effect of ISO. It was probable that PKG activation seemed to be involved in SNP-induced basal If increase. The fact that SNP inhibited ISO-stimulated If suggested cGMP antagonize cAMP action via the activation of PDE. This possibility was supported by experiment using 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX), non-specific PDE inhibitor. SNP did not affect If when If was stimulated by 20 muM IBMX. Therefore, cGMP reversed the stimulatory effect of cAMP via cAMP breakdown by activating cGMP-stimulated PDE. These results suggest that PKG and PDE are involved in the modulation of If by cGMP: PKG may facilitate If and cGMP-stimulated PDE can counteract the stimulatory action of cAMP.


Sino-atrial node; Hyperpolarization-activated inward current(If); cGMP; cAMP; IBMX
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