Healthc Inform Res.  2014 Apr;20(2):117-124. 10.4258/hir.2014.20.2.117.

Development of Smartphone Educational Application for Patients with Coronary Artery Disease

  • 1Department of Cardiology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.


This study was conducted to develop a smartphone application (app) as an educational learning instrument for coronary artery disease (CAD) patients and to assess the users' level of satisfaction.
This methodological research involves elicited learning content for CAD patients to develop a learning instrument using the smartphone app. The app was developed according to the steps of Assessment, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation, which is a systematic instructional design model. The levels of satisfaction with the developed smartphone app among 30 outpatients with CAD were assessed via a questionnaire during their visits to a cardiology outpatient department.
A smartphone app 'Strong Heart' was developed through reviewing the literature associated with education for CAD patients under professional supervision and searching for medical smartphone apps that are already available. The learning contents include six main sections containing essential learning issues in managing CAD and additional information to attract the user's attention, such as patient cases and quizzes. After modification with feedback from experts, the app was finally developed and evaluated by patients who reported that they were satisfied with the usefulness of the app.
The developed smartphone app is available on both the iPhone App Store and the Android Play Store. Patients with CAD may utilize the app for supporting educational material without limitations of time and space.


Coronary Artery Disease; Educational Technology; Patient Education; Mobile Applications
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