Korean J Prev Med.  1999 Jun;32(2):191-199.

Air Pollution and Daily Mortality in Seoul

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Preventive Medicine, Dankook University College of Medicine, Korea.
  • 2Department of Preventive Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine and Institute of Environmental Medicine, SNUMRC, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
To examine the relationship between air pollution exposure and mortality in Seoul for the years of 1991-1995.
METHODS
Daily counts of death were analyzed by general additive Poisson model, with adjustment for effects of secular trend, seasonal factor, day of the week, heat wave, temperature, and humidity. Pollution variables were ozone, nitrogen dioxide, total suspended particles(TSP), and sulfur dioxide.
RESULTS
Daily death counts were associated with ozone(1 day before), nitrogen dioxide(1 day before), TSP(2 days before), sulfur dioxide(2 days before). The association with ozone was most statistically significant and independent of other air pollutants. Increase of 100 ppb in ozone was associated with 6%(95% CI= 2%-10%) increase in the daily number of death. This effect was greater in persons aged 65 and older. The relative risks of death from respiratory disease and cardiovascular disease were greater than for all-cause mortality in each pollutant. After ozone level exceeds 25 ppb, the dose-response relationship between mortality and ozone was almost linear. However, the effect of TSP, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide on mortality might be confounded with each other.
CONCLUSION
Daily variations in air pollution within the range currently occurring in Seoul might have an adverse effect on daily mortality.

Keyword

Air pollution; Daily death counts; General additive Poisson model

MeSH Terms

Air Pollutants
Air Pollution*
Cardiovascular Diseases
Humans
Humidity
Infrared Rays
Mortality*
Nitrogen
Nitrogen Dioxide
Ozone
Seasons
Seoul*
Sulfur
Sulfur Dioxide
Air Pollutants
Nitrogen
Nitrogen Dioxide
Ozone
Sulfur
Sulfur Dioxide
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