Korean J Prev Med.  1988 May;21(1):152-162.

Effect of STEL-toluene on Metabolism of Benzene in Rats

Abstract

Benzene and toluene, which are widely used aromatic hydrocarbons in workplace, are recently proved to cause health hazards due to their toxic effects. This study investigated the influence of toluene on the urinary excretion of benzene metabolite by administering short term exposure limit(STEL) of these compounds(i.e., 13.8mg/kg of benzene and 108.8mg/kg of toluene) intraperitoneally into Sprague-Dawley rats. After administration, urinary phenol concentration of rat was measured by gas chromatography for every three hours. Data were analyzed by non-parametric statistical methods using Kruskal-Wallis multi-sample test and Mann-Whitney U test. The following results were obtained: 1. Administration of STFL-benzene increased urinary phenol concentration in rats. 2. Urinary phenol concentration was increased logarithmically according to the dosage of benzene. 3. Excretion of phenol in urine was decreased when benzene and toluene were administered simultaneously compared with administering benzene alone. In Summary, these results reveal that administration of STEL of toluene has antagonistic effect of urinary excretion of benzene metabolite in rats.

Keyword

STEL-toluene; Metabolism of Benzene; toluene; benzene

MeSH Terms

Animals
Benzene*
Chromatography, Gas
Hydrocarbons, Aromatic
Metabolism*
Phenol
Rats*
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Threshold Limit Values
Toluene
Benzene
Hydrocarbons, Aromatic
Phenol
Toluene
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