Clin Nutr Res.  2013 Jul;2(2):125-134. 10.7762/cnr.2013.2.2.125.

Transitional Changes in Energy Intake, Skeletal Muscle Content and Nutritional Behavior in College Students During Course-Work Based Nutrition Education

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Food Sciences, Kyungil University, Gyeongsan 712-701, Korea. busy@kiu.ac.kr

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether elective course work based nutrition education in university can change students' body composition and eating habits associated with obesity and its related health risk in first-year college students. A total of 38 students agreed and participated in the study. Participants received a series of lecture about obesity, weight management, and concepts of nutrition and food choices for 13 weeks. The students' BMI and body composition, including body fat and muscle contents, were measured. A 24-hour diet recall for two days was performed for food intake analysis, and the questionnaires for dietary behaviors were collected at the beginning and the end of the study. Paired t-test and chi2-test were used for statistical analysis. Data showed that most of the anthropometric parameters including body weight were not significantly changed at the end of the coursework. Interestingly, skeletal muscle contents in both obese (BMI > or = 23) and lean (18.5 < or = BMI < or = 22.9) subjects were significantly increased. Total energy intake was decreased in total subjects after the study. Also, general nutrition behavior of the subjects including enough hydration and utilization of nutrition knowledge were significantly improved during the study period. The total number of responses to doing aerobic exercise was slightly increased after the study, but the average frequency of exercise in each individual was not changed. These results suggest that class-work based nutrition education on a regular basis could be a time and cost effective method for improving body composition and nutritional behavior in general college students.

Keyword

Skeletal muscle; Energy intake; Nutrition education

MeSH Terms

Adipose Tissue
Body Composition
Body Weight
Diet
Eating
Education*
Energy Intake*
Exercise
Humans
Muscle, Skeletal*
Muscles
Obesity
Surveys and Questionnaires
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