Korean J Pediatr.  2006 Dec;49(12):1275-1281. 10.3345/kjp.2006.49.12.1275.

Comparison of hypertonic saline treatment in meningitis with cerebral edema

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Busan Medical Center, Korea. h660216@chol.com

Abstract

PURPOSE: Cerebral edema in meningitis is a potentially complication. Hypertonic saline of various concentrations are frequently used to treat cerebral edemas in meningitis. We analyzed the safety and efficacy of osmotic therapy in cerebral edema by comparison of various hypertonic saline concentrations and mannitol.
METHODS
The medical records of 42 patients, who were followed up in the Department of Pediatrics, Busan Medical Center, from Jan. 2002 to Oct. 2005, were analyzed retrospectively. We measured intracranial pressure, mean flow velocity, and various laboratory parameters.
RESULTS
In cerebral edema developed in meningitis, intracranial pressure and symptoms were improved in treatment of hypertonic saline and mannitol. Serial bolus infusion of 3 percent hypertonic saline resulted in the best outcome. There was not a statistically considerable difference on the mean values of the intracranial pressure gap. On transcranial doppler, mean flow velocity was increased and pulsatilty index was decreased. Laboratory findings (osmolarity, Na, Cl, pH, lactic acid, Ca) were diffenent during the treatment period as opposed to K, Hb, bicarbonate, base excess. There was not a specific form of hypertonic saline used in meningitis treatment with cerebral edema.
CONCLUSION
The therapy for cerebral edema in meningitis remains largely empirical. Serial bolus infusion of 3 percent hypertonic saline is better than other hypertonic salines. Various concentrations and different infusion methods of hypertonic saline statistically does not influence the result of treatment. More research aimed at improving cerebral edema treatment is needed to identify new, effective forms of treatment.

Keyword

Meningitis; Cerebral Edema; Hypertonic Saline

MeSH Terms

Brain Edema*
Busan
Humans
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Intracranial Pressure
Lactic Acid
Mannitol
Medical Records
Meningitis*
Pediatrics
Retrospective Studies
Lactic Acid
Mannitol
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