Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol.  2014 Mar;7(1):53-58.

Loss of Heterozygosities in Five Tumor Suppressor Genes (FHIT Gene, p16, pRb, E-Cadherin and p53) in Thyroid Tumors

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. ys20805@chol.com
  • 2Department of Pathology, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
To evaluate the loss of heterozygosities (LOH) of chromosomes 3p14 (FHIT gene), 9p21 (p16), 13q21 (pRb), 6q22 (E-cadherin) and 17p13 (p53) in various thyroid tumors.
METHODS
Eighty thyroid tumor cases (20 follicular adenomas, 10 follicular carcinomas, and 50 papillary carcinomas) have been analyzed for the presence of LOH in chromosomes 3p14, 9p21, 13q21, 6q22, and 17p13 allelic loss, using microsatellite markers and DNA obtained from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded archival tissues.
RESULTS
LOH on 3p14 was found in 10.5%, 33.3%, and 30.4% of follicular adenomas, follicular carcinomas, and papillary carcinomas, respectively. LOH on 9p21 was detected in 6%, 44.4%, and 47.8%, respectively. LOH on pRb gene was found in 5.3%, 20.0%, and 35.4%, respectively. LOH on E-cadherin gene was found in 5.3%, 22.2%, and 43.8%, respectively. LOH on 17p13 was detected in 0%, 40%, and 45.8%, respectively. LOH in FHIT gene, p16, pRb, E-cadherin, and p53 genes were more frequently identified in follicular carcinoma and papillary carcinoma than in follicular adenoma.
CONCLUSION
LOH results of the five tumor suppressor genes (FHIT gene, p16, pRb, E-cadherin, and p53) showed statistical differences between benign tumor and malignant tumor. Among papillary carcinoma, LOH in p16, E-cadherin and p53 genes well correlated with poorly differentiated grade, and LOH of E-cadherin was associated with lymph node metastasis.

Keyword

Thyroid gland; Tumor suppressor genes; Loss of heterozygosity

MeSH Terms

Adenoma
Cadherins*
Carcinoma, Papillary
DNA
Genes, p53
Genes, Tumor Suppressor*
Loss of Heterozygosity
Lymph Nodes
Microsatellite Repeats
Neoplasm Metastasis
Thyroid Gland*
Cadherins
DNA
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