Korean J Otorhinolaryngol-Head Neck Surg.  2012 Feb;55(2):101-106. 10.3342/kjorl-hns.2012.55.2.101.

Voice Handicap Index and Vocal Characteristics of Teachers

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Preventive Medicine, Kangwon National University School of Medicine, Chuncheon, Korea.
  • 2Hyun Ju Choi Speech-Language Center, Chuncheon, Korea.
  • 3Department of Preventive Medicine, Kangwon National University Hospital, Chuncheon, Korea.
  • 4Department of Otolaryngology, Kangwon National University School of Medicine, Chuncheon, Korea. birdynec@kangwon.ac.kr
  • 5Department of Education, College of Education, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
The effect of vocal abuse on school teachers' lives has not been sufficiently studied in Korea. Our goal was to investigate teachers' vocal characteristics and their functional, physical and emotional disorders due to vocal abuse, and the correlation between them.
SUBJECTS AND METHOD
Voice samples of 142 school teachers who responded to the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) questionnaire were used for the acoustic analysis. The results were compared with the control group of 27 office workers of our hospital, who matched the experimental group with respect to age and sex.
RESULTS
The subjective measure of VHI showed that the teacher handicap indices were significantly higher than those of the control group in functional, physical and emotional aspects: the corresponding median values were 8, 10, 4.5 and 2, 3, 1 for the two groups, respectively (p<0.05). There was no difference in jitter, shimmer and signal-to-noise ratio between the groups. A cross-correlation analysis revealed no significant correlation between VHI-scores and the results of acoustic analysis.
CONCLUSION
The teachers recognize their voice problems as a serious physico-functional disorder. However, the acoustic analysis of the 2 second-voice samples could not detect any differences in voice quality between the two groups. There was no significant correlation between VHI scores and acoustic measures. It suggests that the acoustic measures of voice samples with a limited duration might have a restrictive value in presenting handicaps associated with voice abuse.

Keyword

Teachers; Voice; Handicap; Acoustic

MeSH Terms

Acoustics
Humans
Korea
Surveys and Questionnaires
Signal-To-Noise Ratio
Voice
Voice Quality
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