Korean J Obstet Gynecol.  2010 Mar;53(3):211-218. 10.5468/kjog.2010.53.3.211.

Effect of education on compliance and understanding of direct blood transfusion

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon, Korea. hhl22@chol.com, hhl22@schbc.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
According to an analysis of data from the Korean Red Cross in 2007, the blood deficiency rate in Korea is approximately 22%, which is the highest level worldwide. To overcome a deficiency in the blood supply, we performed education about directed blood donation and transfusion.
METHODS
We provided education about direct blood donation and transfusion to 64 high-risk pregnancies of all deliveries in our hospital between March 2008 and September 2008. After providing education, we administered a questionnaire about the recognition of direct blood donation and transfusion. We surveyed 50 cases of our obstetricians, gynecologists, and nurses about satisfaction of directed blood donation.
RESULTS
The mean age was 31.5+/-4.4 years (range, 24~42 years; median, 30 years), the mean gravidity was 2.3+/-1.5, and the mean gestational age was 37.4+/-2.9 weeks. Eleven gravidas performed direct blood donation, and six women received direct blood donations. Thirteen units of directed blood donations remained after transfer to other patients. After providing education, we administered a questionnaire to gravidas, doctors and nurses; 52.8% and 71.0% were generally satisfied based on questions about recognition of direct blood donation, respectively.
CONCLUSION
Our data demonstrates that education about direct blood donation is cost effective and helpful in supplying blood in high-risk pregnancies.

Keyword

Direct blood donation; High-risk pregnancy; Transfusion

MeSH Terms

Blood Donors
Blood Transfusion
Compliance
Female
Gestational Age
Gravidity
Humans
Korea
Pregnancy, High-Risk
Surveys and Questionnaire
Red Cross
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