Ann Rehabil Med.  2015 Apr;39(2):277-284. 10.5535/arm.2015.39.2.277.

Necessity to Develop a Tool to Evaluate Activity of Daily Living for Electric Powered Indoor/Outdoor Chair Users

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Chungju, Korea. kimnerve@hanmail.net
  • 2Department of Neurology, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Chungju, Korea.
  • 3Department of Neurosurgery, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Chungju, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
To evaluate changes in activity of daily living before and after provision of electric-powered indoor/outdoor chair (EPIOC), discuss problems of current activities of daily living (ADL) evaluating tools for EPIOC users, and provide preliminary data to develop ADL evaluation tool for EPIOC user.
METHODS
A total of 70 users who were prescribed EPIOC and had been using for more than 1 year were recruited in this study. Before and after provision of EPIOC, MBI and FIM scores were measured and a questionnaire consisting of six categories (general socioeconomic states, currently using state, whether EPIOC was helpful for social participation and occupational chances, psychiatric influences, self-reported degrees of independency, and barriers of using EPIOC) was used.
RESULTS
No difference in MBI scores before and after provision of EPIOC was observed. However, the wheelchair ambulation category showed a significant difference. While motor FIM was not significantly different from MBI, FIM score were significantly (p<0.05) higher than MBI. For questions regarding social participation frequency, helpfulness of EPIOC on confidence, refreshing patients' emotions and self-reported degrees of independence, all of them showed positive responses. Especially, EPIOC users' self-reported degree of independency showed favorable results. There was discrepancy in MBI or FIM measured by physicians.
CONCLUSION
Our study showed that there was a gap between the existing ADL evaluation tool and the ADL level that EPIOC users were actually feeling. Thus, it is necessary to develop an evaluation tool specifically for EPIOC.

Keyword

Activities of daily living; Disability evaluation; Self-help devices; Wheelchairs

MeSH Terms

Activities of Daily Living
Disability Evaluation
Self-Help Devices
Social Participation
Walking
Wheelchairs
Surveys and Questionnaires
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