Asian Spine J.  2010 Jun;4(1):39-43. 10.4184/asj.2010.4.1.39.

The Trajectory of Iliac Screw in the Axial Plane in 200 Korean Patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hangang Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. hgchang@hallym.or.kr

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective radiographic analysis. PURPOSE
To estimate the accurate trajectory in the axial plane for iliac screw insertion in 200 Korean patients using radiographic images. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Several complications have been encountered after fusion to the lumbosacral junction, including pseudarthrosis, S1 screw loosening, and sacral fractures. Iliac screw fixation is considered an efficient method for augmenting sacral screw fixation but there are few reports on the trajectory of iliac screw insertion. The trajectory in the sagittal plane can be visualized by intraoperative fluoroscopy. However, there is no method to check the accuracy of the trajectory in the axial plane during surgery.
METHODS
Between January 2007 and February 2009, 200 patients (107 men and 93 women) who underwent L-spine computed tomography were enrolled in this study. The mean age of the patients was 55.6 +/- 18.3 years (range, 13 to 92 years). The spino-iliac angle (SIA) was measured on the axial image at the S1 level, which was defined as the angle between a vertical line through the center of the spinous process and an oblique line that passed through the center of the outer and inner cortices of the ilium.
RESULTS
The group mean SIA was 30.1degrees +/- 7.8degrees; 30.1degrees +/- 7.7degrees for men and 29.9degrees +/- 81.1degrees for women. There was no significant difference according to gender or age (p > 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS
The SIA for the axial trajectory of iliac screws is approximately 30degrees in Korean patients.

Keyword

Iliac screw; Axial trajectory; Lumbosacral fusion
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