Korean J Occup Health Nurs.  2013 May;22(2):130-139.

The Relationship among Job Overload, Self-efficacy, Emotional Exhaust and Turnover Intention in Clinical Nurses

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Inje University, Busan, Korea. nursmh@inje.ac.kr
  • 2Institute for Health Science, Inje University, Busan, Korea.
  • 3Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was to identify the relationship among clinical nurse's job overload, self-efficacy, emotional exhaust and turnover intention.
METHODS
The study was conducted through a survey on 537 clinical nurses in five general hospitals. The data were collected by self-reporting questionnaires and analysed by the SPSS/WIN 17.0 program using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression.
RESULTS
The mean score of turnover intention was 3.04. Turnover intention according to age, total career, job objective, and work off showed significant differences. The significant positive correlations between emotional exhaust and turnover intention (r=.531, p<.001), job overload and turnover intention (r=.514, p<.001) were found. The significant factors influencing turnover intention were emotional exhaust (beta=.488, p<.001), career (beta=.175, p<.001), job overload (beta=.119, p=.003), and number of night (beta=.117, p=.002), which accounted for 40.3% of the variance.
CONCLUSION
Thought this result, nursing managers should analyze the reasons for high turnover intention, focusing on the main factors affecting turnover intention and consider the solutions to decrease the turnover intention.

Keyword

Clinical nurse; Job; Self-efficacy; Emotions; Personnel turnover
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