Korean J Nutr.  2006 Jun;39(4):347-356.

Cytotoxicity on Human Cancer Cells and Antitumorigenesis of Chungkookjang, a Fermented Soybean Product, in DMBA-Treated Rats

Affiliations
  • 1Aging and Physical Culture Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. kwakcs@snu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Food and Nutrition, Hannam University, Daejeon, Korea.

Abstract

It is reported that a fermented soybean food, Doenjang, has strong antimutagenic and cytotoxic effect on cancer cells. This study investigated the effect of Chungkookjang, another traditional popular Korean soybean fermented food, on growth of cancer cells: HL-60, SNU-638 and MCF-7, and also its in vivo antitumorigenic effect in DMBA-induced mammary tumor rat model. For the in vitro study, Chungkookjang and steamed soybeans were extracted with ethanol and sequentially fractioned with 5 kinds of solvents differing in grades of polarity such as hexane, dichloromethane, ethylacetate, butanol and water. Almost all Chungkookjang extracts significantly inhibited the growth of HL-60 (human leukemic cancer cell), SNU-638 (human gastric cancer cell) and MCF-7 (human breast cancer cell) when compared to steamed soybean extracts. Butanol fraction of Chungkookjang extract especially showed a remarkable inhibitory effect in all the three kinds of cancer cells. To induce a mammary gland tumor, DMBA (50 mg/BW) was administered to 50 day-old female rats and followed by Chungkookjang or steamed soybean supplemented diets. Freezedried Chungkookjang powder (20% of diet in wet weight) was added to AIN-93G based diet for the Chungkookjang group of rats. Likewise, steamed soybean powder containing equal protein content to that of Chungkookjang powder was supplemented to soybean group of rats. At 13 weeks later, the mammary tumor incidence, average tumor number and tumor weight a rat were lower in Chungkookjang group compared to the control or soybean group. In conclusion, Chungkookjang showed a strong inhibitory effect on cancer cell growth in vitro, as well as a more preventive effect against chemically induced mammary tumorigenesis in vivo, while steamed soybeans did not. Therefore, these results suggest that Chungkookjang acquire its anticancer activity through the fermentation process.

Keyword

chungkookjang; fermented soybeans; cancer cell growth inhibition; DMBA (7,12-dimethylbenz[a] anthracene); mammary tumor

MeSH Terms

9,10-Dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene
Animals
Breast Neoplasms
Carcinogenesis
Diet
Ethanol
Female
Fermentation
Humans*
Incidence
Mammary Glands, Human
Methylene Chloride
Models, Animal
Rats*
Solvents
Soybeans*
Steam
Stomach Neoplasms
Tumor Burden
Water
9,10-Dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene
Ethanol
Methylene Chloride
Solvents
Steam
Water
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