Korean J Obstet Gynecol.  2000 Mar;43(3):391-394.

Intentional prolongation of pregnancy and survival of twin B after loss of twin A at 16 weeks' of gestation: A case report


Intentional delay of aftercoming siblings in multiple gestation is an infrequent occurrence in obstetrics. After delivery of an immature twin, conventional treatment calls for induction and delivery of the aftercoming sibling. However, several case reports have documented the feasibility of an expectant management. And also, as in our case, an aggressive treatment consisting of cerclage, tocolysis, and broad-spectrum antibiotics has been shown to prolong pregnancy. We experienced an unavoidable delivery of a nonviable first twin after premature rupture of membranes at 16 weeks' of gestation. The placenta was left undisturbed. Twin B was confirmed to be alive within the intact second sac. Tocolysis was started and cervical cerclage was done directly after delivery of twin A. Pregnancy was successfully prolonged, which enabled the second fetus to remain in utero and grow for another 145 days. To our knowledge, this was the longest interval between deliveries in a twin pregnancy reported in the literature. A healthy 3,050 gm male was delivered by cesarean section at 37 weeks' of gestation. Below we present this case in detail and discussed with respect to the aggressive approach undertaken to prolong gestation.


Twin; premature rupture of membranes; cerclage; tocolysis; prolongation of pregnancy
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