Asian Oncol Nurs.  2012 Feb;12(1):69-76. 10.5388/aon.2012.12.1.69.

The Effect of Back Massage on Degree of Pain, State Anxiety and Quality of Sleep of Postoperative Patients with Gastrectomy

  • 1Chungnam National University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Daejeon University, Daejeon, Korea.


Most of postoperative patients experience pain, state anxiety and sleep disturbance. These problems negatively influence the recovery of postoperative patients. So alleviating these problems has been one of the nurses' central roles. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of back massage on pain, state anxiety and quality of sleep of postoperative gastrectomy patients.
A non-synchronized non-equivalent control group pre and post-test design was used. The research instruments used in this study were the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) for pain, the State-Anxiety Inventory (STAI) for anxiety and the Verran and Synder-Halpern scale for quality of sleep. The subjects were patients admitted to a university hospital located in D city. Twenty-nine patients in the experimental group had a 10 min manual back massage stimulation for 5 days from the 1st day to the 5th day after their operation, and 25 patients in the control group did not.
The degree of pain was significantly reduced according to post operation day and quality of sleep was significantly increased. However state anxiety was not significantly reduced.
Back massage is a partially effective nursing intervention for postoperative patients with gastrectomy who experience pain and sleep disturbance.


Massage; Pain; Anxiety; Sleep
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