Asian Oncol Nurs.  2013 Dec;13(4):248-255. 10.5388/aon.2013.13.4.248.

Health-related Quality of Life and Depression after Radical Prostatectomy or Hormonal Therapy

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea. jeonghee@jbnu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The aim of this study was to compare the health-related quality of life (HQOL) and depression in prostate cancer patients with radial prostatectomy or hormonal therapy more than 6 months ago.
METHODS
A total of 116 patients participated in the study (83 radical prostatectomy patients and 33 hormonal therapy). Data were collected from 13th September to 13th November 2012, using two instruments-translated into Korean: Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite and Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form.
RESULTS
Hormonal therapy participants reported significantly higher scores of HQOL than radical prostatectomy participants did (p=.002). The HQOL subscales with significant differences were urinary function (p<.001) and incontinence (p<.001) under urinary domain and sexual bother (p<.001) under sexual domain. The level of depression was not significantly different between the two treatment groups. There were moderate negative correlations between HQOL and depression in both groups.
CONCLUSION
Many of prostate cancer patients reported treatment-related functional deteriorations in urinary and sexual domains and they were depressed even more than 6 months after the treatment completion. To manage prostate cancer patients' HQOL and depression, clinicians including nurses should evaluate patients' complaints according to their treatment modality and intervene accordingly.

Keyword

Prostatic Neoplasms; Quality of Life; Depression; Prostatectomy; Hormone Replacement Therapy

MeSH Terms

Depression*
Hormone Replacement Therapy
Humans
Prostatectomy*
Prostatic Neoplasms
Quality of Life*
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