Korean J Community Nutr.  2014 Apr;19(2):133-141. 10.5720/kjcn.2014.19.2.133.

Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Metabolic Abnormalities in Korea Children and Adolescents and Nutrient intakes: Using 2008 the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Food and Nutrition, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea. choimj@kmu.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS), metabolic abnormalities, and nutrient intakes in Korea children and adolescents using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2008.
METHODS
A sample of 838 children and adolescent males (n = 442) and females (n = 396) aged 10-18 was used from the 2008 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination survey. The diagnosis of the metabolic syndrome subjects was adapted from modified National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III by Ford. To compare nutrient intakes, we used a judgment sampling. The first group was composed of all children and adolescents (n = 46) with MS. The second one along with the first group had children and adolescents with the same age, sex, and body mass index (BMI) but without MS (n = 46). The control group like the first two had children and adolescents with same sex and same age but with normal BMI and without MS (n = 46).
RESULTS
In this randomized controlled controlled trial, the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 5.8%. The risk factors was associated with the MS were abdominal obesity 9.4%, hypertriglyceridemia 25.0%, low HDL-cholesterol 10.3%, hypertension 23.4%, and hyperglycemia 7.1%. Among metabolic abnormalities, blood pressure was significantly affected by sex, age and obesity. On the other hand, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, and waist circumference were directly linked to obesity. There were no significant differences in nutrient intakes among the three groups.
CONCLUSIONS
The prevalence of MS was higher in children (10-11 years old) than in adolescents (12-18 years old). There was a difference in hypertension among risk factors by gender, and there were no significant differences in nutrient intakes.

Keyword

prevalence of metabolic syndrome; children and adolescents; nutrient intake

MeSH Terms

Adolescent*
Blood Pressure
Body Mass Index
Child*
Cholesterol
Diagnosis
Education
Female
Hand
Humans
Hyperglycemia
Hypertension
Hypertriglyceridemia
Judgment
Korea
Male
Nutrition Surveys*
Obesity
Obesity, Abdominal
Prevalence*
Risk Factors
Triglycerides
Waist Circumference
Cholesterol
Triglycerides
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