Korean J Community Nutr.  2012 Feb;17(1):69-80. 10.5720/kjcn.2012.17.1.69.

Nutritional Status, Quality of Diet and Quality of Life in Postmenopausal Women with Mild Climacteric Symptoms Based on Food Group Intake Patterns

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Medical Nutrition, Graduate School of East-West Medical Science, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Korea. rwcho@khu.ac.kr
  • 2Research Institute of Clinical Nutrition, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

This study was conducted to examine the nutritional status, quality of diet and quality of life in postmenopausal women with mild climacteric symptoms based on their food group intake patterns. The data for nutritional status were obtained using 3-day records. Quality of diet was assessed by INQ, NAR, MAR, DDS, DVS, DQI-I. Climacteric symptoms were analyzed by the questionnaire of Kupperman's index and MENoL. The subjects were classified into the five groups, GMVDF, GMVdF, GMVDf, GMVdf, GmVDF according to their food group intake patterns. Analysis of nutrient intakes showed that the GMVDF group took significantly higher levels of kcal, carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamin A, thiamin, riboflavin, folate, vitamin C, vitamin E, calcium, phosphorous, sodium, iron, zinc and fiber than GMVdf group did (p < 0.05). INQ of Ca and Fe appeared to be higher in GMVDF than in GMVdf groups (p < 0.05). Analysis of NARs showed that missing milk groups took lower riboflavin, Ca and P than other groups did as the same result with MAR (p < 0.05). Analysis of DDS and DQI showed that GMVdf group had the lowest quality of diet (p < 0.05); however, no difference was found on DVS. The GMVdf group showed the worst climacteric symptoms compared with those of the other groups (p < 0.05). However, we couldn't observe any differences in menopause-specific quality of life among the groups. In conclusion, it would be beneficial to meet all five food groups to increase the quality of diet and to reduce the climacteric symptoms in postmenopausal women.

Keyword

nutrients intake; quality of diet; climacteric symptoms; postmenopausal women

MeSH Terms

Ascorbic Acid
Calcium
Climacteric
Diet
Female
Folic Acid
Humans
Iron
Milk
Nutritional Status
Quality of Life
Surveys and Questionnaires
Riboflavin
Sodium
Vitamin A
Vitamin E
Vitamins
Zinc
Ascorbic Acid
Calcium
Folic Acid
Iron
Riboflavin
Sodium
Vitamin A
Vitamin E
Vitamins
Zinc

Figure

  • Fig. 1 Percent contribution of food groups for vitamin and mineral intakes (%).


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