Korean J Obstet Gynecol.  1997 Jun;40(6):1178-1188.

A Clinical Study of Sex Chromosomal Abnormalities

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Pusan National University, Pusan, Korea.

Abstract

To provide current information on sex chromosome abnormalities to obstetricians andgynecologists who encounter such diagnoses and who counsel prospective parents faced withthe prenatal diagnosis of a sex chromosome abnormalities. I reviewed 116 patients' clinical data and results of karyotype which proven sexchromosome abnormalities in cytogenetic unit of Department of Ob. and Gyn., PNUH during theperiod of 1993. Aug.~1996. Dec.The results of the analysis of karyotyping in sex chromosome abnormalities in these 116cases are like following.1. Peak age group when diagnosed abnormal sex chromosome is 26~35 years old inmen(46 among 56 cases) and 16~30 years old in women(40 among 60 cases).2. The most common primary reason of abnormal sex chromosome is sterility inmen(48 among 56 cases) and amenorrhea in women(36 among 60 cases).3. The most common referred primary reason in Klinefelters syndrome issterility(44 among 49 cases) and in Turners syndrome is primary amenorrhea(27 among55 cases).4. The most common type of abnormal sex chromosome is Klinefelters syndrome inmen(49 among 56 cases) and Turners syndrome in women(55 among 60 cases).5. In my 116 cases of abnormal sex chromosome, numerical abnormalities are 67 cases,mosaicisms 28 cases, structural abnormalities 13 cases, XY female 6 cases, and XX male2 cases. So the most common abnormal sex chromosome is numerical abnormality.6. In my 55 cases of Turners syndrome, XO karyotypes are 26 cases, X, abnormal X are11 cases, and mosaic pattern are 18 cases. So the most common karyotype in Turnerssyndrome is standard pattern(45,X).In conclusion, abnormal sex chromosome were very important causes of infertility,amenorrhea, abnormal pubertal development, ambiguous genitalia, and stature. Therefore,these patients must taken cytogenetic study, and obstetrics and gynecologists provideaccurate and comprehensive genetic counseling.

Keyword

Sex chromosome abnormalities; Cytogenetics; Genetic counseling
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