Korean J Nutr.  2007 Dec;40(8):728-735.

The Effect of Iron-enriched Cereal Breakfast and Nutrition Education on the Nutritional Status and Life Style of Elementary School Students

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Food and Nutrition, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791, Korea. yongsoon@hanyang.ac.kr
  • 2Healthy City Project Team, Seongdong-gu Public Health Center, Seoul 130-701, Korea.

Abstract

The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of iron-enriched cereal supplement and nutrition education program on nutritional status and life style of children. Elementary school students (n = 170) aged of 11 years old at Seoul were participated. Subjects were supplemented with iron-enriched cereal for breakfast and provided with 2 sessions of nutrition education during 3 months. Intake of carbohydrate, iron, sodium, zinc, vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin C, niacin, and folic acid was significantly increased after cereal supplement. Caloric intake was similar to KDRIs during both before and after cereal supplement. There was no improvement on exercise and dietary habits after nutrition education. Male students tended to sleep later, wake up early, and ate snack less than female. Cereal supplement was effective on improving nutritional status, but short-term nutrition education had no effect on modification of life style. Thus, further studies are required to develop long-term education program effective on improving life style and eating habits in children.

Keyword

breakfast; iron-enriched cereal; nutritional status; nutrition education; elementary school students

MeSH Terms

Ascorbic Acid
Breakfast*
Edible Grain*
Child
Eating
Education*
Energy Intake
Female
Folic Acid
Food Habits
Humans
Iron
Life Style*
Male
Niacin
Nutritional Status*
Riboflavin
Seoul
Snacks
Sodium
Thiamine
Vitamin A
Zinc
Ascorbic Acid
Folic Acid
Iron
Niacin
Riboflavin
Sodium
Thiamine
Vitamin A
Zinc
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