Allergy Asthma Immunol Res.  2013 Jul;5(4):239-241. 10.4168/aair.2013.5.4.239.

Breastfeeding Might Have Protective Effects on Atopy in Children With the CD14C-159T CT/CC Genotype

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang, Korea.
  • 2Asan Institute for Life Sciences, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea.
  • 4Department of Pediatrics, Presbyterian Medical Center, Jeonju, Korea.
  • 5Department of Pediatrics, Childhood Asthma Atopy Center, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. sjhong@amc.seoul.kr

Abstract

Breastfeeding is widely recommended to reduce risk of sensitization, eczema and asthma. However, the role of breastfeeding in prevention of allergic diseases is uncertain. We aimed to investigate whether the relationship between breastfeeding and sensitization to aeroallergens is modified by cluster of differentiation 14 (CD14) genotype. This study included 1,828 school children aged 9-12. We administered a detailed questionnaire and genotyped the CD14C-159T polymorphism. Skin prick tests for 12 aeroallergens were performed. School children who had been breastfed were less likely sensitized to aeroallergens (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 0.712, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.555-0.914). There was no significant association between CD14C-159T genotype and atopy. Breastfeeding was associated with a decreased risk of atopic sensitization in children with CT/CC genotype (aOR 0.667, 95% CI: 0.463-0.960). Our data might identify the gene-environment interaction between the CD14C-159T polymorphism and breastfeeding in relation to aeroallergen sensitization.

Keyword

Breastfeeding; cluster of differentiation 14 (CD14); gene-environmental interaction; sensitization to aeroallergens
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