Korean J Biol Psychiatry.  2007 May;14(2):99-105.

Risperdal Sachet and Oral Lorazepam versus Intramuscular Haloperidol and Lorazepam Injection for Acute Psychotic Symptom in the Elderly Patients with Organic Mental Disorder

Affiliations
  • 1Nampyeong Mirae Hospital, Naju, Korea. takyoun@gmail.com

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
The purpose of present study was to investigate the effect, safety and tolerability of risperdal sachet(oral solution) with lorazepam tablet versus intramuscular haloperidol and lorazepam injection for management of acute psychotic symptom in the elderly with organic mental disorder.
METHODS
Total 37 patients who have dementia, medical or physical diseases, associated with acute psychotic symptom were randomly assigned to oral treatment with 1mg of risperdal sachet(oral solution) plus 1mg of lorazepam(N=17) or to intramuscular treatment with 2.5mg of haloperidol plus 2mg of lorazepam(N=20). The change of CGI scores was used for the evaluation of efficacy.
RESULTS
Mean score improvements at 15, 30, 60, and 120 minutes after treatment were statistically significant at each time point in both groups(p<0.001) and were similar in both groups(p=0.189).
CONCLUSION
A single oral dose of risperdal sachet(oral solution) plus lorazepam was as effective and tolerable as parenterally administered haloperidol plus lorazepam for the rapid control of acute psychotic symptom in the elderly with organic mental disorder.

Keyword

Risperdal sachet; Acute psychotic symptom; Dementia; Delirium; Elderly; Organic mental disorder

MeSH Terms

Aged*
Delirium
Neurocognitive Disorders*
Dementia
Haloperidol*
Humans
Lorazepam*
Haloperidol
Lorazepam
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