Korean J Community Nutr.  2008 Oct;13(5):723-732.

Fitness of Diet-Related Factors Explaining the Self-Rated Health (SRH) in Rural Older Adults with Discriminant Analysis

  • 1Department of Food and Nutrition, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Korea.
  • 2Department of Food and Nutrition, Changwon National University, Changwon, Korea. hsyoun@changwon.ac.kr


The purpose of this study was to identify the influence of diet related factors, such as diet behaviors, food intake, and nutrient intakes, on self-rated health (SRH). Also, in order to determine fitness of classification for SRH reflecting diet related factors, this study surveyed older adults in Gyeongnam province. A total of 101 responses were collected using the interview survey method. The self- rated health of rural older adults was poor as reported by 49.5%. The level of self-rated health was found to be related to the frequencies of coffee and snack, use of sugar and vegetable in diet, the amount of total food intake, and cholesterol intake. The result of discriminant analysis, which was conducted to assess the adequacy of SRH classification and to determine the class of observation, showed frequency of coffee and use of vegetable in diet among 47 variables as predictive variables for explaining SRH. The fitness of self-rated health function was high to 47.7%. Therefore, diet-related factors were ascertained to be important variables to predict SRH.


self rated health; diet behaviors; food intake; nutrient intake; discriminant analysis
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