Korean J Fam Med.  2010 Nov;31(11):837-844. 10.4082/kjfm.2010.31.11.837.

Prevalence of Sleep Disorder and Associated Factors in Family Practice

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Family Medicine, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea. drloved@hanmail.net
  • 2Cheonan Practice-Based Research Network, Cheonan, Korea.
  • 3Bombit Seoul Clinic, Seoul, Korea.
  • 4Dr. Lee's Family Clinic, Goyang, Korea.
  • 5Our Family Clinic, Goyang, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Sleep is an essential restorative physiologic phenomenon. Impaired sleep results in significant negative effect to the health. Symptoms like sleep initiation difficulty, frequent awakening, severe snoring have related to poor sleep quality. We studied frequency and compared the characteristics of common sleep disorders at family practice.
METHODS
We surveyed patients over 18 years of age and their guardians who visited 16 familial practices for 6 days. We investigated sleep characteristics, frequency of sleep disorder and associated factors by questionnaires and analyzed by frequency analysis, Spearman's correlation coefficient, multiple logistic regression.
RESULTS
We enrolled 1,117 participants. Older participants were more likely to report early sleep onset and off time, short sleep duration. Mean number of awakening during a typical night is 1.69. Female complained difficulties in initiation and maintenance of sleep more than male. A total of 32.5% had these insomnia symptoms and related to hypertension, stroke, stress, arthralgia, depression, urological disorder. 31.1% had excessive daytime sleepiness, related to stress, arthralgia, depression. Loud snoring and gasp for breath showed positive correlation between male, high BMI. Disrupted sleep over 3 times was related to old age, female, diabetes, hypertension, stroke, stress, arthralgia, depression. Restless leg syndrome were high in elderly, high BMI, stress, arthralgia and depression.
CONCLUSION
About one in three who visit in primary medical practice have sleep disorder symptoms like insomnia, daytime fatigue, snoring. 3% of them have gasp for breath, 8% have restless leg syndrome.

Keyword

Sleep Patterns; Prevalence of Sleep Disorder; Family Practice

MeSH Terms

Aged
Arthralgia
Depression
Family Practice
Fatigue
Female
Humans
Hypertension
Leg
Male
Prevalence
Sleep Wake Disorders
Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
Snoring
Stroke
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