Korean Diabetes J.  2009 Oct;33(5):363-372. 10.4093/kdj.2009.33.5.363.

Clinical Implications of Serum Biomarkers in Diabetic Cardiovascular Complications

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Diabetes is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, with atherosclerosis responsible for most associated morbidity and mortality. Atherosclerosis often causes acute thrombotic events through plaque rupture and formation of platelet-rich thrombi. The principal clinical manifestations of atherosclerosis are coronary artery disease, ischemic stroke, and peripheral arterial disease. Endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and low-grade inflammation are key features in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis.

Keyword

Atherosclerosis; Biological markers; Cardiovascular disease; Diabetes mellitus
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