Korean J Dermatol.  2000 Sep;38(9):1186-1193.

Phylogeny and Taxonomy of the Dermatophytes Using Sequence Analysis of the Ribosomal Internal Transcribed Spacer 1 Region

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, Dongguk University, Kyongju, Korea.
  • 2Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, Keimyung University, Taegu, Korea.
  • 3Department of Immunology, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Taegu, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The species of dermatophytes have been identified and classified by morphological and biochemical characterization as well as by mating experiments. But these techniques are either time consuming or lacking specificity. Recently molecular analysis has been introduced to the field of medical mycology. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the phylogeny and taxonomy of the dermatophytes using sequence analysis of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) region. METHODS: 15 species of dermatophytes (6 strains of T. rubrum, 4 strains of T. mentagrophytes subtypes, M. canis, M. gypseum, E. floccosum, T. verrucosum, and T. tonsurans) were cultured on Sabouraud dextrose broth and their DNA was extracted by bead-beating method. Cloning and sequencing of PCR product was done. RESULTS: The size of specific bands among dermatophytes was 340 bp in ITS1 region. Phylogenetic analysis of sequences revealed that 6 strains of T. rubrum showed genetically identical patterns in intraspecies, but subtypes of T. mentagrophytes were different. The other dermatophytes showed different patterns in interspecies. The following taxonomy were so closely related: granular form of T. mentagrophytes and T. tonsurans; powdery form, persicolor form and downy form of T. mentagrophytes; and M. gypseum and E. floccosum. CONCLUSION: The phylogenetic analysis of ITS1 region provided useful information for classification and understanding the evolution of dermatophytes species.

Keyword

Dermatophytes; Phylogeny; ITS1 region

MeSH Terms

Arthrodermataceae*
Classification*
Clone Cells
Cloning, Organism
DNA
Glucose
Mycology
Phylogeny*
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Sensitivity and Specificity
Sequence Analysis*
DNA
Glucose
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