J Korean Ophthalmol Soc.  2009 Jul;50(7):1015-1021. 10.3341/jkos.2009.50.7.1015.

Phacoemulsification in Previously Vitrectomized Eyes; Results of a 5-Year Period in Surgical Outcome

  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea. key@chonbuk.ac.kr


To compare the incidence of complications and the outcome of phacoemulsification surgery in patients with and without previous vitrectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 60 patients in a study group that received phacoemulsification with posterior chamber IOL implantation (PC-IOL) in the vitrectomized eye and 60 patients in a control group that received only phacoemulsification with PC-IOL implantation from January 2003 to December 2007. The interval from PPV to cataract extraction, sex, age, type of cataract, intraoperative and postoperative complications, pre- and postoperative refraction were reviewed. RESULTS: The most common indication of pars plana vitrectomy was diabetic retinopathy. Nucleosclerosis was the most common type of cataract. The most common intraoperative complication was posterior capsular rupture, but there was no statistical significance when compared with the control group (p=0.116). In addition, the most common postoperative complication was posterior capsular opacity. After phacoemulsification, the rate at which a BCVA of 0.5 or better was obtained was lower in the study group than the control group. The spread between actual and expected refraction showed no statistically significant difference when compared with the control group (p=0.309). CONCLUSIONS: Experienced surgeons can safely perform phacoemulsification and PC-IOL implantation in previously vitrectomized eyes. However, the outcome of visual acuity is limited by vitreoretinal pathology that requires vitrectomy.


Cataract; Pars plana vitrectomy; Phacoemulsification; Vitrectomized eye

MeSH Terms

Cataract Extraction
Diabetic Retinopathy
Intraoperative Complications
Postoperative Complications
Retrospective Studies
Visual Acuity


  • Figure 1. Type of cataract in study and control group.

  • Figure 2. Scattergram showing the relationship between logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (LogMAR) visual acuity before and after phacoemulsification in eyes with previous pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and without PPV.



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