J Korean Ophthalmol Soc.  2008 May;49(5):853-857. 10.3341/jkos.2008.49.5.853.

Central Retinal Artery Occlusion Associated with Chickenpox

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Chungnam National Univercity, Deajeon, Korea. kimjy@cnu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE: To report a case of central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) associated with chickenpox.
CASE SUMMARY
A 24-year-old female presenting with a history of centripetal eruption and erythema, followed by vesicle and eschar, was diagnosed with varicella and managed in a local medical clinic. Five days after the varicella eruption, she experienced decreased vision in her left eye. On initial exam visual acuity was light-sense positive in the left eye and 1.0 in the right eye; on fundus examination the patient was diagnosed with CRAO. We performed hematologic tests including thrombophilia studies, but there were no abnormal findings on routine hematologic tests, the carotid artery, or cardiovascular examinations. Antinuclear antibody, rheumatoid factor, and antiphospholipid antibody were negative. Skin biopsy and PCR results both corresponded with varicella, and the patient was diagnosed with CRAO associated with chickenpox.

Keyword

Central retinal artery occlusion; Chickenpox

MeSH Terms

Antibodies, Antinuclear
Antibodies, Antiphospholipid
Biopsy
Carotid Arteries
Chickenpox
Erythema
Eye
Female
Hematologic Tests
Humans
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Retinal Artery
Retinal Artery Occlusion
Rheumatoid Factor
Skin
Thrombophilia
Vision, Ocular
Visual Acuity
Young Adult
Antibodies, Antinuclear
Antibodies, Antiphospholipid
Rheumatoid Factor
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