J Korean Ophthalmol Soc.  2005 Mar;46(3):480-484.

Correlation between Optokinetic Nystagmus Response and Visual Acuity

  • 1The Institute of Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. shhan222@yumc.yonsei.ac.kr


The purpose of this paper was to determine the correlation between optokinetic nytagmus and grating and Snellen visual acuity charts and the validity of this correlation as an index. METHODS: Diffusion blur was used to cause visual decrease in 24 patients with normal eyes. Vision was measured using 3 different methods. To compare the central and peripheral vision, visiual acuity was measured using a macula occluder. RESULTS: Twenty four patients had an average uncorrected vision of 1.0 and showed regular visual acuity decrease using diffusion blur. Grating visual acuity showed correlation with the Snellen visual acuity but OKN visual acuity showed low correlation (p<0.05, ANOVA with repeated measure trend). OKN visual acuity showed low correlation with grating acuity when central visual acuity was occluded and only peripheral acuity was taken into consideration. CONCLUSIONS: Visual acuity measured using Snellen or grating acuity had little correlation with OKN visual acuity, and visual acuity measured using OKN was unable to indicate visual acuity in a quantitative manner.


Central and peripheral vision; Grating visual acuity chart; OKN; Snellen

MeSH Terms

Nystagmus, Optokinetic*
Visual Acuity*
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