J Korean Ophthalmol Soc.  2003 Aug;44(8):1879-1885.

The Protective Effect of Induced Heat Shock Protein in Human Corneal Epithelial Cells

  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Korea. jck50ey@kornet.net


The purposes of study were to assess the expression patterns of heat shock protein (HSP) after glutamine and glutamine with non- lethal heat shock treatment, to evaluate the protective effects of heat shock protein from apoptosis in cultured human corneal epithelial cell. METHODS: The cultured human corneal epithelial cells were divided into two group. One group was treated with 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 mM of glutamine and the other group was exposed to 43 degrees C (heat shock) for 30 minutes with same concentration of glutamine. After glutamine and heat treatment, the expression patterns of Hsp 27, 70 were examined by western blot and immunohistochemistry. Apoptosis was induced with 80uM of etoposide. The viability (cell protection rate of heat shock protein) against apoptosis after etoposide treatment was measured by 3-[4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. RESULTS: Expression of Heat shock protein 70 was not significantly effected in only glutamine treatment, but was remarkably increased in heat shock with glutamine treatment group. The increased cell number (viability= antiapoptotic effect of heat shock protein)of glutamine with heat shock group after etoposide treatment suggested that Hsp 70 appeared to be a major role in protection of Human corneal epithelial cell from apoptosis. The expression of Heat shock protein 27 was not effected in only glutamine and heat with glutamine treatment group. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that induced heat shock protein protect etoposide-generated apoptosis in human corneal epithelial cell.


Apoptosis; Glutamine; Heat shock; Heat shock protein (HSP); Human corneal cell (HCE)
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