J Korean Soc Pediatr Endocrinol.  2002 Jun;7(1):69-76.

Frequencies and Risk Factors for Microvascular Complications in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Abstract

PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to identify the frequencies and the risk factors of microvascular complications in subjects with type 1 diabetes mellitus
METHODS
The frequencies and their relation to risk factors of microvascular complications were analyzed in 29 type 1 diabetes mellitus subjects with duration of disease more than 5 years. Microvascular disease was defined as the presence of either retinopathy, microalbuminuria or neuropathy.
RESULTS
The overall prevalence rate of microvascular disease was 8/29(27.6%). Retinopathy has developed in 3 patients(10.3%), microalbuminuria in 7 patients(24.0 %) and neuropathy in 5 patients(17.2%). The mean HbA1C was significantly higher in the patients with microvascular complications(11.6+/-.2% in microvascular complication group vs 9.3+/-.6% in control group).
CONCLUSION
In childhood onset type 1 diabetes mellitus, poor glycemic control is an important risk factor for microvascular complications.

Keyword

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus(IDDM); Microvascular complications; Retinopathy; Nephropathy; Neuropathy; Risk factors

MeSH Terms

Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1*
Humans
Prevalence
Risk Factors*
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