J Korean Acad Periodontol.  2007 Sep;37(3):497-509. 10.5051/jkape.2007.37.3.497.

Bone regenerative effects of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 employed protein transduction domain

  • 1Department of periodontology, Research institute for periodontal Regeneration, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Korea. kscho@yumc.yonsei.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Oral pathology, Oral Cancer Research institute, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Korea.
  • 3Department of Oral & Maxillofacial surgery, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Korea.


Bone morphogenetic proteins(BMPs) are regarded as members of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily with characteristic features in their amino acid sequences. A number of studies have demonstrated the biologic activities of BMPs, which include the induction of cartilage and bone formation. Recently there was a attempt to overcome a limitation of mass production, and economical efficieny of rh-BMPs. The method producing PTD by using bacteria have advantages of acquiry a mass of proteins. Hences, a new treatment which deliver protein employed by protein transduction domain(PTD) has been tried. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bone regenerative effect of TATBMP-2 and TAT-HA2-BMP-2 employed by PTD from HIV-1 TAT protein for protein translocation in the rat calvarial model. An 8mm calvarial, critical size osteotomy defect was created in each of 32 male Spraque-Dawley rats(weight 250~300g). The animals were divided into 4 groups of 32 animals each (4 animals/group/healing interval). The defect was treated with TATBMP-2/ACS(Absorbable collagen sponge) (TATBMP-2 0.1mg/ml), TAT-HA2-BMP-2/ACS(TAT-HA2-BMP-2 0.1mg/ml), ACS alone or left untreated for surgical control(negative control). The rats were sacrificed at 2 or 8 weeks postsurgery, and the results were evaluated histologically. The results were as follows: New bone formation were not significantly greater in the TATBMP-2/ACS group relative to negative, and positive control groups. New bone was evident at the defect sites in TAT-HA2-BMP-2/ACS group relative to negative, positive control and TATBMP-2 groups. There were a little bone regeneration in TATBMP-2 groups. While, enhanced local bone formation were observed in TAT-HA2-BMP-2 group. But, The results was not the same in all rat defects. Therefore, further investigations are required to develop a method, which disperse homogenously, and adhere to target cells.


bone regeneration; Bone morphogenetic protein; protein transduction domain
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