J Korean Orthop Assoc.  2009 Jun;44(3):320-328. 10.4055/jkoa.2009.44.3.320.

A Comparison of Clinical Outcomes after Osteochondral Autologous Transplantation & Arthroscopic Microfracture Surgery for Treating of Osteochondral Lesions of the Knee

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Yeugnam University Hospital, Deagu, Korea. ossoj@med.yu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE: We wanted to compare the clinical outcomes after osteochondral autologous transplantation (OAT) and arthroscopic microfracture for treating of osteochondral lesions of the knee.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
We reviewed 12 cases (12 patients) of arthroscopic microfracture and 10 cases (9 patients) of OAT. The mean patient ages were 33.5 years in the microfracture group and 31.3 years in the OAT group. The mean follow-up period was 31.1 months. The mean lesion sizes were 12.9x17.4 mm in the microfracture group and 16.1x21.4 mm in the OAT group. We compared clinical results using the Tegner activity score, the Lysholm knee scoring scale, the IKDC and the VAS. MRI was used to determine the recovery of the osteochondral lesions at last follow-up.
RESULTS
There was no statistically significant difference between the groups for the Tegner Activity Score. Regarding the Lysholm Knee Scoring Scale, the OAT group had a better overall score than did the microfracture group (p<0.05). Both groups had similar results for the IKDC and VAS. The MRI at the last follow-up showed cartilage recovery in 53% of the microfracture cases (compared to the surrounding cartilage) and in 96.1% of the OAT cases.
CONCLUSION
Microfracture and OAT both offered good clinical results when used to treat active persons in the 3rd or 4th decades of life and who have osteochondral lesions of the knee. However, OAT led to better cartilage recovery on MRI, as well as to better functional results. Therefore, OAT is the recommended method of treatment.

Keyword

Osteochondral lesion; Osteochondral autologous transplantation; Microfracture

MeSH Terms

Avena
Cartilage
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Knee
Transplantation, Autologous
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