J Korean Geriatr Psychiatry.  2016 Apr;20(1):20-24. 10.0000/jkgp.2016.20.1.20.

Association between Alcohol Use Disorder and Cognitive Function According to Gender in the Elderly

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea. sjsonpsy@ajou.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
This study aims to investigate the association between alcohol use disorder and cognition in Korean community-dwelling elderly, especially the gender-specific difference.
METHODS
Data obtained from 1,141 subjects (976 men and 165 women) aged above 60 years was analyzed from the Gwangju Dementia and Mild Cognitive Impairment Study. All subjects completed the study questionnaire including demographic characteristics, history of current and past illnesses, drug history, Korean Mini-Mental State Examination (K-MMSE), and cut down, annoyed, guilty feelings, eye-opener (CAGE), Short Form of Geriatric Depression Scale-Korean version (SGDS-K).
RESULTS
Of the 1,141 subjects (mean age 72.17±6.20, mean educational level 6.50±4.48), 267 demonstrated alcohol use disorder (23.40%) and 874 were non-alcohol use disorder (76.60%). The mean of K-MMSE for alcohol use disorder group was 23.23±4.99, and for non-alcohol use disorder group was 23.70±3.94. When alcohol use disorder is accompanying, the decrement of K-MMSE score was 3.07 for female, and 0.35 for male. And we confirmed the interactive effect on K-MMSE score between sex and alcohol use disorder after adjusting for age, education level, depression (F=5.798, p=0.016).
CONCLUSION
In conclusion, our study demonstrates an association between alcohol use disorder and cognitive impairment by gender in the elderly.

Keyword

The aged; Alcohols; Cognition
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