J Korean Orthop Assoc.  2012 Dec;47(6):445-451. 10.4055/jkoa.2012.47.6.445.

Postoperative Mortality and the Associated Factors in Elderly Patients with Hip Fracture

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Soon Chun Hyang Univresity Hospital, Seoul, Korea. schkyb@schmc.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The aim of this study was to determine the mortality and factors that are related to the mortality in elderly patients with hip fracture.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Between March 2006 and December 2009, 304 patients who were 65 years or older underwent surgery for hip fracture. Among them, 261 patients were available and 43 patients excluded from this study, as they were unable to be evaluated for one year mortality. We analyzed the relationship between the postoperative mortality and the associated factors (age, gender, the type of operation, the type of fracture, method of anesthesia, comorbidity, operation delay).
RESULTS
The one year mortality rate for elderly patients with hip fracture was 10.7%. There was no relationships between the postoperative mortality and the type of operation, the type of fracture, and method of anesthesia. However, age, gender, the number of comorbidity, operation delay, and dementia of comorbidity were factors associated with the mortality rate for elderly patients with hip fracture.
CONCLUSION
The one year mortality rate for elderly patients with hip fracture was 10.7%. Age, gender, the number of comorbidity, operation delay, and dementia of comorbidity were factors associated with the mortality rate in elderly patients with hip fracture.

Keyword

elderly; hip fractures; mortality; associated factors
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