J Genet Med.  2011 Dec;8(2):100-104.

Prenatal Genetic Test

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Obsterics and Gynecology, Cheil General Hospital and Women's Healthcare Center, Kwandong University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. hmryu@yahoo.com
  • 2Laboratory of Medical Genetics, Cheil Medical Research Institute, Cheil General Hospital and Women's Healthcare Center, Kwandong University College of Medicine, Cheil Medical Research Institute, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Genetic testing has been generalized for the diagnosis of diseases and is an important method of research with advances in the life sciences. In particular, we should give better attention to the genetic test for a fetus. Because the fetus has no autonomy, ethical and social issues can arise. Therefore, appropriate genetic counseling is needed for parents to be informed with the characteristics, natural progress, and possible treatment of a genetic disease, prior to the prenatal genetic test. Physicians should also inform parents how a particular genetic risk factor relates with the likelihood of a disease, in order to assist the parents in making the best decision. Furthermore, the current law for prenatal genetic testing should be approached rationally.

Keyword

genetic test; Genetic counseling; Genetic disease
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