Korean J Health Promot.  2012 Mar;12(1):58-65.

The Association of Compliance with Sick Role Behavior with Satisfaction of Basic Psychological Needs Among Hemodialysis Patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Young Dong University College of Health Industry, Yeongdong, Korea. cymun@hanmail.net
  • 2Department of Nursing, Catholic University of Daegu College of Nursing, Daegu, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
This study aimed to identify the association of compliance with sick role behavior with satisfaction of basic psychological needs, and to assess the influence of compliance with sick role behavior among hemodialysis patients.
METHODS
Participants included 109 patients from outpatient dialysis clinics at 6 major general hospitals located in urban areas in Korea. Data for compliance with sick role behavior and basic psychological needs were collected through a self-reported questionnaire and was analyzed with independent t-test, one-way analysis of variance, Pearson' correlation analysis, and multiple stepwise linear regression analysis.
RESULTS
This study showed positive correlations between compliance with sick role behavior and satisfaction of basic psychological needs (r=0.59, P<0.001). The variables predicting compliance with sick role behavior were relatedness (beta=0.28), autonomy (beta=0.29), competency (beta=0.30), and age (beta=0.24). These variables accounted for 38.2% of the variance of compliance with sick role behavior in hemodialysis patients.
CONCLUSIONS
Our results indicated that it is necessary to improve compliance with sick role behaviorin order to increase satisfaction of basic psychological needs in hemodialysis patients.

Keyword

Sick role; Patient compliance; Self determination; Hemodialysis

MeSH Terms

Analysis of Variance
Compliance
Dialysis
Hospitals, General
Humans
Korea
Linear Models
Outpatients
Patient Compliance
Personal Autonomy
Renal Dialysis
Sick Role
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