J Korean Foot Ankle Soc.  2013 Jun;17(2):79-83.

Calcaneal Fractures-Extended Lateral Approach

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Guro Hospital, Korea University, Seoul, Korea. dakjul@hanmail.net

Abstract

Calcaneus is largest tarsal bone and the fracture of calcaneus is most common tarsal fractures. Calcaneal fractures are divided into extra-articular and intra-articular fractures. Intra-articular calcaneal fractures could be classified as tongue type and joint depression type using simple lateral radiograph (Essex-Lopresti classification), but Sanders suggested new classification according to involving the posterior facet of calcaneus using computed tomography. The involvement of posterior facet was revealed as more complicated than Essex-Lopresti classification. The principle purpose of treatment of calcaneal fractures are restoration of calcaneal height (Bohler angle), width, axis, anatomical reduction of joint and restoration of function through the stable fixation. Good visualization of joint and anatomical reduction could be achieved by extended lateral approach. But, skin problem could be occurred after of extended lateral approach.

Keyword

Calcaneus; Fractures; Extended lateral approach
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