J Korean Diet Assoc.  2007 Feb;13(1):61-72.

A Study on the Promotion of Adolescent's Milk Consumption (I): Milk Preference and Intake Patterns of Urban Adolescents

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Consumers' Life Information, Chungnam National University, Korea. leejw@cnu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Food and Nutrition, Chungnam National University, Korea.

Abstract

In order to study milk preference and intake pattern of adolescents, the questionnaire survey was conducted with 929 middle and high school students residing in Chungnam cities through October and November 2004. Of the subjects, 56.3% liked milk or liked very much. They preferred chocolate and fruit-tasted milk to plain milk. Reasons for liking milk were for health and its taste, while the reasons of disliking were unpleasant smell and stomach upset. However those who disliked milk did like milk products such as ice-cream, yogurt or cheese. Of the students 35.1% drank milk 2 times or more a day, while 11.8% drank milk less than 2-3 times a month. As a whole they drank milk 8.6+/-6.7 times a week, of which 4.3+/-3.1 times for plain milk. Daily intake amount was estimated as 308+/-315mL. Middle-school students and boys drank more milk than high-school students and girls, respectively. Among the students 64.3% used to drink 1 cup of milk at a time, and 58.3% drank only milk without other foods. It was shown that 51.8% took milk school-serviced and their milk intake frequencies were higher than those of who were not given school milk service. Also milk intake frequencies was higher in students whose mother were housewives than in students whose mother had jobs. Milk preference, intake frequency, and one portion size showed significant and positive correlations each other. In conclusion, milk intake level of the subjects was insufficient and unpleasant smell and stomach upset were the main reasons which decreased milk preference and consumption. Students with low milk preference should be guided with how to drink milk deliciously, how to choose milk type and its products. It is also effective to go into school milk service and to provide milk at home anytime. As students like much fruit-tasted and chocolate milk, the milk processing industries should take their nutritional and health benefits into considerations importantly.

Keyword

Adolescents; Milk preference; Intake frequency; Milk school service; Mother's job

MeSH Terms

Adolescent*
Cacao
Cheese
Chungcheongnam-do
Female
Humans
Insurance Benefits
Milk*
Mothers
Portion Size
Questionnaires
Smell
Stomach
Yogurt
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