J Korean Child Neurol Soc.  2010 Nov;18(2):169-179.

Clinical Review of the of Seizures among Children

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Anyang, Korea. ksmin@hallym.or.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to evaluate childhood seizures to provide appropriate medical services.
METHODS
We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 221 chidren under 18 years of age with seizures (excluding febrile convulsion), who were admitted to the pediatric department of Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University from 2007 to 2009.
RESULTS
The male to female was 1.3:1 and the peak age was 6 years or less, accounting for 63%. The most common causes of seizures according to age were listed as follows; hypocalcemia (41%) and hypoxic ischemic encephalopathies (41%) in the neonatal period, benign convulsion with mild gastroenteritis (BCwMG, 47%) in preschool children (1month and 5 years), and unprovoked seizure (80%) more than 6 years. Electroencephalogram and neuroimaging abnormalities were found in the ratio from 20% and 14% respectively.
CONCLUSION
Seizure is the most common neurologic disease in the childhood. The above results reveal that the causes of childhood seizures in the different age group are different. Therefore, the exact diagnosis of disease according to age is needed. We hope that further clinical studies on this topic will be performed.

Keyword

Child; Hospitalized; Seizures; Etiology
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