J Korean Cancer Assoc.  1997 Apr;29(2):257-265.

Quantitative Correlation between the Biochemical Markers and The Extent of Metastatic Bone Tumors

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Presbyterian Medical Center, Chonju, Korea.
  • 2Christian Medical Research Center, Presbyterian Medical Center, Chonju, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE: We investigated the usefulness of urinary pyridinoline (uPyr) and deoxypyridinoline (uDpyr) and serum osteocalcin as markers of bone metastasis, particularly focussing on quantitative correlation between the degree of bone metastasis and the level of biochemical markers.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
By using ELISA method we measured the levels of uPyr, uDpyr, and osteocalcin in 100 cancer patients of whom 58 patients had bone metastasis, 42 had no bone metastasis, and 44 control subjects.
RESULTS
There was a significant difference in uPyr level between the patients with bone metastasis and the patients without bone metastasis or control group (mean+/-SD, 70.26+/-43.11 vs 38.93+/-21.48 or 25.13+/-8.81 nM/mM Creatinine, p<0.05). And uDpyr level showed more significant elevation in the patients with bone metastasis than in the patients without bone metastasis and in control group (12.63+/-7.51 vs 6.44+/-3.58 and 4.23+/-1.70 nM/mM Creatinine p<0.05). Osteocalcin level showed no significant difference among groups. We could demonstrate a significant quantitative correlation between the extent of bone metastasis and the amount of uPyr (r=0.7482, p<0.001) or uDpyr (r=0.5992, p<0.001).
CONCLUSION
uPyr and uDpyr were significantly increased in metastatic bone tumors and quantitatively correlated well with the extent of bone metastasis. Therefore we can use these two markers as an evidence of bone metastasis. Further studies are recommended to decide the usefulness of these markers in the early detection of bone metastasis and in the assessment of response to antiresorptive treatments.

Keyword

Metastatic bone disease; Pyridinoline; Deoxypyridinoline
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