J Korean Biol Nurs Sci.  2015 May;17(2):114-122. 10.7586/jkbns.2015.17.2.114.

Comparison of the Level and Side Effects of Spinal Anesthesia with Hyperbaric Bupivacaine in the Supine, Lateral, and Prone Positions

Affiliations
  • 1Graduate School of Nursing, Gachon University, Incheon, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Gachon University, Incheon, Korea. bhkim@gachon.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study attempted to test whether there are differences in the level and hemodynamic side effects (blood pressure, heart rate, O2 saturation), and nausea & vomiting of spinal anesthesia using hyperbaric bupivacaine according to position (supine, lateral, and prone positions) in orthopedic surgery patients who received podiatric surgery under spinal anesthesia.
METHODS
This study was conducted with 53 patients who had received orthopedic surgery under spinal anesthesia at I General Hospital. Data were analyzed using SPSS 20.0 through repeated-measures ANOVA, post-hoc test, Chi-test, and Fisher's exact test.
RESULTS
The change of position after spinal anesthesia with hyperbaric bupivacaine caused a change in the level of spinal anesthesia (F=12.768, p<.001). However, no difference of blood pressure, heart rate, O2 saturation and nausea and vomiting caused by the change in anesthesia level was observed, and in prone position, drug was administered for the correction of side effects.
CONCLUSION
As expected, recognizing that there can be a change in the level of spinal anesthesia after the change of position in surgical patients, nurse anesthetists should monitor their conditions carefully and continuously.

Keyword

Hyperbaric bupivacaine; Spinal anesthesia; Position change; Anesthesia level; Side effects

MeSH Terms

Anesthesia
Anesthesia, Spinal*
Blood Pressure
Bupivacaine*
Heart Rate
Hemodynamics
Hospitals, General
Humans
Nausea
Nurse Anesthetists
Orthopedics
Prone Position*
Vomiting
Bupivacaine
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