Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci.  2015 Aug;13(2):194-200. 10.9758/cpn.2015.13.2.194.

The Relationship between Quality of Life and Cognitive Functions, Anxiety and Depression among Hospitalized Elderly Patients

  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Bulent Ecevit University Faculty of Medicine, Zonguldak, Turkey.
  • 2Department of Family Medicine, Bulent Ecevit University Faculty of Medicine, Zonguldak, Turkey.
  • 3Public Health Center, Zonguldak, Turkey.


Older people seek not only a longer life, but also a better quality of life (QOL). Our aim was to find out the relationship between QOL and socio-demographic factors, social activities, cognitive status, depression and anxiety symptoms among medically ill and hospitalized elderly people in Turkey.
Two hundred forty three patients age 65 years or older were examined. The Socio-demographic Data Survey, the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Geriatric Depression Scale-short form (GDS-15), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument-Older Adults Module (WHOQOL-OLD) were applied to participants. The independent samples t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to analyze quantitative data. Pearson's correlation and linear regression analysis were performed.
The total score for QOL was significantly higher for those who saw their family members and relatives frequently rather than rarely (p=0.002), who were always busy with social activities rather than rarely or never (p<0.001), who had more years of education (p=0.003), and who were frequently exercising (p=0.023). According to linear regression analysis, the WHOQOL-OLD total score increased by 0.295 and -0.936 units, while MMSE and GDS-15 scale scores increased one unit respectively (beta=0.295, t=1.979, p=0.04; beta=-0.936, t=-4.881, p<0.001).
Cognitive disabilities, depression, and other psychiatric problems along with medical disease negatively affect the QOL of elderly patients. While performing medical assessment regarding elders, detecting and treating cognitive disabilities and depression is very valuable in improving the QOL of elderly patients.


Quality of Life; Aged; Depression; Cognition
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