Cancer Res Treat.  2009 Jun;41(2):93-99.

The Difference in Biological Properties between Parental and v-Ha-ras Transformed NIH3T3 Cells

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Biology, College of Natural Sciences, University of Incheon, Incheon, Korea. mikelee@incheon.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
We performed experiments to investigate the change in cellular signaling that occurs during the transformation of a normal cell to a cell capable of cancerous growth, and we did so by using the NIH 3T3 cells that were transformed by transfection with the v-Ha-ras oncogene. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Parental and v-Ha-ras transfected NIH 3T3 cells were chosen as test systems. The siRNA transfections were performed using Lipofectamine 2000. The cell proliferation reagent WST-1 was used for the quantitative determination of cellular proliferation. Immunoblot analysis was performed using the ECL-Plus chemiluminescent system and a KODAK Image Station 4000R. RESULTS: The v-Ha-ras-transformed cells were found to be significantly more resistant to PP2 treatment, which is a potent inhibitor of the Src family tyrosine kinases, than were the parental cells at earlier times after treatment. However, PP2 induced growth arrest and the senescence-like phenotypes in both cell lines after longer treatment. Furthermore, the Raf-1 kinase of the v-Ha-ras-transformed cells was not affected by the expressed level of Sprouty proteins, which are negative regulators of the MAPK pathway, as evidenced by the failure of siRNA-mediated knockdown of Spry4 to activate Raf-1 kinase. Dephostatin (a tyrosine phosphatase inhibitor) effectively inhibited the proliferation of the v-Ha-ras transformed cells, whereas dephostatin had only a small effect on the parental cells' proliferation. This implied an inhibitory role for tyrosine phosphatase that is specific to the signaling pathway in the v-Ha-ras transformed cells. CONCLUSION: Taken together, our results show that the sustained activation of the oncogenic pathways through their resistance to negative feedback regulation might contribute to the transformation of NIH 3T3 cells.

Keyword

v-Ha-ras; Transformed cells; Raf-1; Negative feedback
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